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4/3/21

If we don't wake up yet, by 2030, the land of Gujarat and the lips of Gujaratis will be thirsty








Gujarat has a deficit of about 2000 million cubic meters every year between rainwater harvesting and demand, which will become unbearable by 2030.
Domestic rainwater harvesting, well recharging, farm ponds and check dams can now be the best water conservation solutions.






Water is an essential human need that cannot be met in a laboratory. Storage and limited use of water from natural sources is considered inevitable; Then every year in Gujarat there is a severe shortage of water in summer. Why is there a shortage of water by the time of summer when there is enough rain in the monsoon and the reservoirs across the state are flooded; That is a permanent question. In addition to the inadequacy of the government's efforts, experts say there is a lack of planning. In parallel, the water crisis is so severe that it is no longer possible to rely solely on the government. Equally important is the active participation of the people.










Gujarat has been divided into four zones in terms of four months of monsoon, less than half a day of rainfall, type of groundwater and adequacy of water storage and it is unfortunate that all four zones of Gujarat have huge water consumption deficit compared to rainfall as well as water storage. There are four months of monsoon, so to speak, but the total number of rainy days out of four months in Gujarat is less than two months. South-Central Gujarat has the highest number of rainy days and rains, while Kutch has the lowest number of rainy days.




South-Central: A total of 1448 mm of rainfall falls in 51 rainy days.
North Gujarat: A total of 805 mm of rainfall falls in 31 rainy days.
Saurashtra: The average rainfall is 594 mm in 27 rainy days.
Kutch: With only 15 rainy days, Kutch receives an average of 330 mm of rainfall.

Gujarat's thirst is to be quenched after ten years
Just as the amount of rainfall in Gujarat is different according to the geographical division, so is the need for water. With the exception of South-Central Gujarat, water scarcity is permanent in the rest of the region. Rainwater harvesting in South and Central Gujarat is more than required so there is a surplus of water. In Saurashtra, Kutch and North Gujarat, income and needs do not match. In total, there is a shortage of 2000 million cubic meters (MCM) of water every year in Gujarat.




Currently, the water surplus in South-Central Gujarat is 10,360 MCM, but there are also three metros in the area, Ahmedabad, Surat and Vadodara, where the population continues to grow. Gujarat is the third fastest growing state in the country. By 2030, Gujarat's 48 million population, or 66 per cent, will be living in cities (Reference: McKinsey Global Institute of Urbanization 2010 Report). As a result, even the current surplus is likely to be insufficient in the next ten years. At that time, experts are predicting that the water crisis in Gujarat will be severe.



Gujarat has water
resources , but ... Reservoirs in Gujarat are sufficient in terms of number of dams and water storage capacity, but still prove insufficient to meet the water requirement. In the last five years, 50 per cent of the total 204 dams in Gujarat have overflowed during the monsoon and 70 per cent of the total storage capacity of all the dams (excluding the year 2018) was stored. Yet every year the water crisis remains the same. The annual water requirement of Gujarat is about 44,000 MCM. In contrast, the total storage capacity of 204 dams in Gujarat is 15,773 MCM. Apart from this, Narmada Dam is the largest lifeline in Gujarat with a water storage capacity of 5,846 MCM. Attempts to supply water as far as Kutch through the Narmada Canal have been successful, but as expected, Gujarat's thirst has not yet been quenched.

Due to insufficient water storage, ground water in Gujarat is going 3 to 5 meters deep every year.


According to water conservation experts, workers ... According to most experts, knowledge in water management requires knowledge of many disciplines such as engineering, agro-economics and geography; Unfortunately that balance is not maintained. As a result, water conservation efforts are permanently inadequate. The water of Narmada goes to Central Gujarat and connected to Saurashtra, it pumps 92 meters and delivers to Rajkot. Gujarat has the highest water evaporation capacity from aji dam like a saucer. This is considered a terrible waste.




It is our own experience that no village will ever face water shortage if every village tries to collect its share of rain water. If a large check dam is not possible, the option of a small water pond is equally effective. Even if each village builds 4 to 10 reservoirs on its border and stores water there, a village with a population of 5000 can store water all year round.





- Parsotam Sidpara ( Former Sarpanch of Jamka (Dist. Junagadh) who created water revolution through check dam


When there is no spontaneous awareness among the people about saving water, the government has to create public awareness by making rules and strictly following them. There are many rules in building buildings, including the mandatory rainwater harvesting rule. There is also a requirement that ration of water use be applied for domestic use and that a bill be paid on excess consumption. Since there are no rules about how deep the boring should be to save groundwater, how to moderate the use of groundwater, farmers keep mentioning groundwater as it is beneficial; This too needs to be changed.
- Dr. Nigam Shukla (Chief Agricultural Scientist, Lokbharati, Sanosara).

Even though the monsoon has gone well, such scenes have become permanent in the villages of Gujarat in summer.

That is all we can
do. The water problem, we assume, is becoming more and more severe. Under these circumstances, it is desirable for everyone to become vigilant and vigilant about water storage and consumption. Here are some tips to help you get started.


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Replace every dripping tap in the house. As the lake fills up, the tank also empties.


Drain the rainwater from the terrace into an underground tank at home. Rainwater harvesting will be able to collect the water needed throughout the year.


Collect water from the RO plant's outlet pipe at home instead of spilling it and use it to dispose of waste.


Avoid washing with running water where cleaning can be done by yourself.


As a Gujarati, we are as keen on saving water as we are on nature.

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